Legaltree has the expertise to assist you in matters involving administrative law and criminal law sanctions.

Sanctions may be imposed by both administrative and criminal authorities. Regulators, enforcers and investigative agencies exist in a variety of forms and manifestations. In addition to the police, a large number of other government agencies may also be involved in enforcing and ultimately imposing sanctions. The officials employed with the aforementioned hybrid agencies often have special investigative powers and may act both as regulators and as enforcers (both under administrative law and under criminal law). To an undertaking and those involved with it is not always clear on the basis of which powers they are held to account and what exactly their rights and obligations are in such a case.

Multiple expertise is of particular importance where incidents (such as accidents at work or pollution incidents) and searches (by the Fiscal Intelligence and Investigation Service, the Dutch Authority for the Financial Markets, the Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets and/or the police) are concerned, in which situations it is recommended to set up a team comprising all the relevant specialisms.

Other government agencies who may be involved in enforcing and ultimately imposing sanctions

  • Autoriteit Financiële Markten (AFM) (the Dutch Authority for the Financial Markets)
  • Autoriteit Consument & Markt (ACM) (the Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets)
  • Environment Agencies
  • Fiscale Opsporings- en Inlichtingendienst (FIOD) (the Fiscal Intelligence and Investigation Service)
  • Inspectie Gezondheidszorg en Jeugd (IGJ) (the Inspectorate for Health and Youth Care)
  • Inspectie Leefomgeving en Transport (ILenT) (the Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate)
  • Inspectie Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid (ISZW, the former Labour Inspectorate) (Inspectorate SZW)
  • Kansspelautoriteit (KSA) (the Netherlands Gaming Authority)
  • Nederlandse Voedsel- en Warenautoriteit (NVWA) (the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority)
  • Tax Authorities

Practice areas which may be of importance in the case of sanctions

Sustainable Energy & Environment
Regulated Markets
Competition law
Corporate criminal law
Government Authorities& CCoporate law